Acupuncture involves inserting needles into the skin at defined places which helps to relieve pain. By stimulating these points, it's thought to promote the body's natural healing process and enhance function. In addition, acupuncture stimulates the Central Nervous System which releases chemicals and hormones which in-turn reduce pain, encourage the inflammatory process, boost the immune system and regulate various body functions. Acupuncture has been used in China for at least the last 3,000 years. Its usage by physiotherapists in the West has increased greatly as research has shown that, through stimulation of the brain, a body treated with acupuncture produces natural pain-relieving chemicals, such as endorphins, which help the body heal itself and manage pain.

Acupuncture has proven to be effective in treating a number of conditions including headaches, back, neck and other joint pain, along with arthritis. The traditional Chinese philosophy is that when the body is healthy, energy which is known as 'qi' flows freely along pathways known as meridians. Each of these pathways is linked to an organ within the body such as the heart and lung. This energy flow can be affected and disrupted by a number of factors including physical, mental, emotional, anxiety, stress, anger, fear, poor nutrition, weather conditions, infections, poisons and trauma. By inserting needles into points along the pathways where the energy has been disrupted can help the restore the energy to flow freely again.

Furthermore, the acupuncture needles have been shown to act on 'our pain gate'. The insertion of the needle sends impulses up to the brain which releases endogenous opioids or 'our body's own painkillers' from the brain. This helps to reduce or even eliminate the pain.

The benefits of acupuncture vary between different individuals. Acupuncture does not work for everyone and also the number of sessions required to have an effect vary between individuals.